An Experimental Study on Modified Concrete Using Partial Replacement of Gravel and Admixtures


  • Yousif Jabbar Lafta university of Basrah
  • Muthana Sh. Mahdi university of Basrah
  • Adel Al Menhosh university of Basrah
  • Hussein Ali H. Algusab university of Basrah



Abstract: This study aims to test a concrete specimen with replacement partially of 15 % of the coarse aggregate by pieces of tires and volcanic aggregates and reduce 5% of the water/cement ratio by substituting with 4% percentages of styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) and 1% of superplasticizer. The main concrete components (cement: sand: gravel) were used in weight ratios (1:1.5:3) and a water to cement 0.45 was used and it was considered as a reference sample (Mix1). A water to cement ratio 0.40 was depended for the modified mixtures. Samples were cast for testing the compression strength with sizes 150 ×150 ×150 mm for ages 7 and 28 days. the absorption rate, with a size of 100 ×100 ×100 mm at age 28 days. Moreover, 150 ×150×150 mm for depth of penetration test at the age of 28 days.

Briefly, the observed results were exhibited that the partial replacement of normal aggregate in concrete with volcanic aggregate affects negatively on the workability, so 4% of the polymer SBR and 1% of the superplasticizer have improved the workability. The improvement in the workability of concrete contributed to reducing the ratio of water to cement required for mixing compared to ordinary concrete, and this in turn led to an improvement in performance of hardened concrete. In addition, the reduction of the permeability level. The results also illustrated that the replacement of the gravel in the modified mixtures (Mix 3 and Mix 2) reduces the weight of hardened concrete by (10-12%) and (7-9%) compared with conventional concrete, respectively, which makes it suitable for use in mediumweight concrete applications.

Moreover, it can be concluded that the strength properties of the modified mix with volcanic aggregate improved by 19-20% compared to that of the unmodified concrete. While the modified concrete by cutting tires showed significant deterioration in the concrete's resistance 21% despite the reduction of concrete permeability.




How to Cite

Lafta, Y. J., Mahdi, M. S. ., Al Menhosh, A. ., & Algusab, H. A. H. (2023). An Experimental Study on Modified Concrete Using Partial Replacement of Gravel and Admixtures. Misan Journal of Engineering Sciences, 2(2), 85–97.